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1 Major Nigerian Ethnic Culture

There are about 371 (or more) tribes in Nigeria Here are some of the largest tribes

Efik-Ibibio

The Efik-Ibibio is located at the coastal southeastern Nigeria. Efik-Ibibio language is spoken in Akwa Ibom State and Cross River State. It has various dialects such as the Annang dialect, Oron dialect, and many others.

The Efik-Ibibio people are blessed with various edible vegetables. Their food is popular throughout the entire Nigeria including the popular Afañg soup, Edikang Ikong soup, pepper soup, Ukwoho, Atama,Eritañ, jeloff-rice, etc.

Igbos

Third largest ethnic group Igboland is the home of the Igbo people and it covers most of Southeast Nigeria. This area is divided by the Niger River into two unequal sections – the eastern region (which is the largest) and the midwestern region. The river, however, has not acted as a barrier to cultural unity; rather it has provided an easy means of communication in an area where many settlements claim different origins.

The Igbos, who are mostly Christians. Their traditional religion is known as Odinani. Socially they are led by monarchs known as Eze Igwes.

Hausa/Fulani

Largest ethnic group The Hausa and Fulani are two ethnic groups which were formerly distinct but are now intermixed to the extent of being regarded as one inseparable ethnic nation.

Although found throughout the grassland belt of West Africa, the bulk of the Hausa/Fulani population is concentrated in Northern Nigeria especially in and around the centres of Sokoto, Kano and Katsina which were important market centres on the southern section of the trans-Saharan caravan trade routes in the past.

Being the largest ethnic group in Nigeria, Hausa have always been some of the main players in Nigerian politics since Nigeria was granted independence from Britain in 1960.

Yoruba

Second ethnic group Yoruba people live mostly in Southwest Nigeria. They have developed a variety of different artistic forms including pottery, weaving, beadwork, metalwork, and mask making. Most artwork is made to honour the gods and ancestors and since there are more than 401 known gods to the Yoruba there is much sculpture and artwork made.

Yoruba are usually identified as Christian or Muslim, although a lot of Yoruba still uphold traditional aspects of their ancestors religious practices and beliefs. This ethnic group upholds many cultural traditions, including music and culture festivals, traditional Yoruba art, and conventional architecture. The Yoruba culture has historically relied on large populations in a centralized location and an Oba (King).

Ijaw

The Ijaw live in the Niger River Delta area of Nigeria and constitute around 10% of the population of the country. The Ijaw have historically had tensions with the rest of the Nigerian population. The lands in which the Ijaw inhabit are extremely oil-rich.

Kanuri

The Kanuri people are found in northeastern Nigeria. Their population is believed to be around 4% of Nigeria (approximately 4,000,000). The regions in which Kanuri live are largely impractical for outsiders to reach. Kanuri people are predominately Sunni Muslims.

Fulani

Since the Fulani War (1804-1808), the Fulani people have been intertwined with the Hausa of Nigeria. This is largely due to intermarriage and Fulani living among the Hausa population. Fulani and Hausa together make up approximately 29% of the population of Nigeria.

Ibibio

The Ibibio, mostly found in southeastern Nigeria, have a rich oral history passed down through generations. These people have lived in this part of Nigeria for several hundred years. This ethnic group numbers approximately 4.5 million which is equivalent to 3.5% of the population of Nigeria.

Ibibio people in the region also inquired (with the British Crown) to become their own sovereign nation within Nigeria (pre-independence). Today, Ibibio predominantly identify themselves as Christian. Ibibio has an amazing artistic culture, most known for creating intricate wooden masks and carvings.

Tiv

The ethnic group known as Tiv are well known for their agricultural produce and the trading of this produce. This is one of the only sources of income for the group. The Tiv people all trace their ancestry back to an ancient individual also named Tiv, who had two sons. Some Tiv people identify as Christians, even less as Muslim.

The traditional religion of Tiv, based on manipulations of forces by humans who have been entrusted by a creator God, remains strong within the Tiv populace. Tiv only make up 3.5% of the Nigerian population, making them one of the smaller ethnic groups within the country.

Ref: worldatlas, Wikipedia,


2 371 tribes in Nigeria and states where they are mostly found


1 Abayon -Cross River


2 Abua (Odual) -Rivers


3 Achipa (Achipawa) -Kebbi


4 Adim -Cross River


5 Adun -Cross River


6 Affade -Yobe


7 Afizere -Plateau


8 Afo -Plateau


9 Agbo -Cross River


10 Akaju-Ndem (Akajuk) -Cross River


11 Akweya-Yachi -Benue


12 Alago (Arago) -Piateau


13 Amo -Plateau


14 Anaguta -Plateau


15 Anang -Akwa lbom


16 Andoni -Akwa lbom, Rivers


17 Angas -Bauchi, Jigawa, Plateau


18 Ankwei -Plateau


19 Anyima -Cross River


20 Attakar (ataka) -Kaduna


21 Auyoka (Auyokawa) -Jigawa


22 Awori -Lagos, Ogun


23 Ayu -Kaduna


24 Babur -Adamawa, Bomo, Taraba, Yobe


25 Bachama -Adamawa


26 Bachere -Cross River


27 Bada -Plateau


28 Bade -Yobe


29 Bahumono -Cross River


30 Bakulung -Taraba


31 Bali -Taraba


32 Bambora (Bambarawa) -Bauchi


33 Bambuko -Taraba


34 Banda (Bandawa) -Taraba


35 Banka (Bankalawa) -Bauchi


36 Banso (Panso) -Adamawa


37 Bara (Barawa) -Bauchi


38 Barke -Bauchi


39 Baruba (Barba) -Niger


40 Bashiri (Bashirawa) -Plateau


41 Bassa -Kaduna, Kogi, Niger, Plateau


42 Batta -Adamawa


43 Baushi -Niger


44 Baya -Adamawa


45 Bekwarra -Cross River


46 Bele (Buli, Belewa) -Bauchi


47 Betso (Bete) -Taraba


48 Bette -Cross River


49 Bilei -Adamawa


50 Bille -Adamawa


51 Bina (Binawa) -Kaduna


52 Bini -Edo


53 Birom -Plateau


54 Bobua -Taraba


55 Boki (Nki) -Cross River


56 Bkkos -Plateau


57 Boko (Bussawa, Bargawa) -Niger


58 Bole (Bolewa) -Bauchi, Yobe


59 Botlere -Adamawa


60 Boma (Bomawa, Burmano) -Bauchi


61 Bomboro -Bauchi


62 Buduma -Borno, Niger


63 Buji -Plateau


64 Buli -Bauchi


65 Bunu -Kogi


66 Bura -Adamawa


67 Burak -Bauchi


68 Burma (Burmawa) -Plateau


69 Buru -Yobe


70 Buta (Butawa) -Bauchi


71 Bwall -Plateau


72 Bwatiye -Adamawa


73 Bwazza -Adamawa


74 Challa -Plateau


75 Chama (Chamawa Fitilai) -Bauchi


76 Chamba -Taraba


77 Chamo -Bauchi


78 Chibok (Chibbak) -Yobe


79 Chinine -Borno


80 Chip -Plateau


81 Chokobo -Plateau


82 Chukkol -Taraba


83 Daba -Adamawa


84 Dadiya -Bauchi


85 Daka -Adamawa


86 Dakarkari -Niger, Kebbi


87 Danda (Dandawa) -Kebbi


88 Dangsa -Taraba


89 Daza (Dere, Derewa) -Bauchi


90 Degema -Rivers


91 Deno (Denawa) -Bauchi


92 Dghwede -Bomo


93 Diba -Taraba


94 Doemak (Dumuk) -Plateau


95 Ouguri -Bauchi


96 Duka (Dukawa) -Kebbi


97 Duma (Dumawa) -Bauchi


98 Ebana (Ebani) -Rivers


99 Ebirra (lgbirra) -Edo, Kogi, Ondo


100 Ebu -Edo, Kogi


101 Efik -Cross River


102 Egbema -Rivers


103 Egede (lgedde) -Benue


104 Eggon -Plateau


105 Egun (Gu) -Lagos,Ogun


106 Ejagham -Cross River


107 Ekajuk -Cross River


108 Eket -Akwa Ibom


109 Ekoi -Cross River


110 Engenni (Ngene) -Rivers


111 Epie -Rivers


112 Esan (Ishan) -Edo


113 Etche -Rivers


114 Etolu (Etilo) -Benue


115 Etsako -Edo


116 Etung -Cross River


117 Etuno -Edo


118 Palli -Adamawa


119 Pulani (Pulbe) -Bauchi, Borno, Jigawa , Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi , Niger, Sokoto,


Taraba, Yobe, etc.


120 Fyam (Fyem) -Plateau


121 Fyer(Fer) -Plateau


122 Ga’anda -Adamawa


123 Gade -Niger


124 Galambi -Bauchi


125 Gamergu-Mulgwa -Borno


126 Qanawuri -Plateau


127 Gavako -Borno


128 Gbedde -Kogi


129 Gengle -Taraba


130 Geji -Bauchi


131 Gera (Gere, Gerawa) -Bauchi


132 Geruma (Gerumawa) -Plateau


133 Geruma (Gerumawa) -Bauchi


134 Gingwak -Bauchi


135 Gira -Adamawa


136 Gizigz -Adamawa


137 Goernai -Plateau


138 Gokana (Kana) -Rivers


139 Gombi -Adamawa


140 Gornun (Gmun) -Taraba


141 Gonia -Taraba


142 Gubi (Gubawa) -Bauchi


143 Gude -Adamawa


144 Gudu -Adamawa


145 Gure -Kaduna


146 Gurmana -Niger


147 Gururntum -Bauchi


148 Gusu -Plateau


149 Gwa (Gurawa) -Adamawa


150 Gwamba Adamawa


151 Gwandara -Kaduna, Niger, Plateau


152 Gwari (Gbari) -Kaduna, Niger, Abuja, Plateau


153 Gwom -Taraba


154 Gwoza (Waha) -Borno


155 Gyem -Bauchi


156 Hausa: -Bauchi, Borno, Jigawa, Kaduna,Kano, Kastina, Kebbi, Niger,Taraba, Sokoto,


Zamfara etc


157 Higi (Hig) -Borno, Adamawa


158 Holma -Adamawa


159 Hona -Adamawa


160 Ibeno -Akwa lbom


161 Ibibio -Akwa lbom


162 Ichen -Adamawa


163 Idoma -Benue, Taraba


164 Igalla -Kogi


165 lgbo: -Abia, Anambra, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi,Enugu, Imo, Rivers


166 ljumu -Kogi


167 Ikorn -Cross River


168 Irigwe -Plateau


169 Isoko -Delta


170 lsekiri (Itsekiri) -Delta


171 lyala (lyalla) -Cross River


172 lzondjo -Bayelsa, Delta, Ondo, Rivers


173 Jaba -Kaduna


174 Jahuna (Jahunawa) -Taraba


175 Jaku -Bauchi


176 Jara (Jaar Jarawa Jarawa-Dutse) -Bauchi


177 Jere (Jare, Jera, Jera, Jerawa) -Bauchi, Plateau


178 Jero -Taraba


179 Jibu -Adamawa


180 Jidda-Abu -Plateau


181 Jimbin (Jimbinawa) -Bauchi


182 Jirai -Adamawa


183 Jonjo (Jenjo) -Taraba


184 Jukun -Bauchi, Benue,Taraba, Plateau


185 Kaba(Kabawa) -Taraba


186 Kadara -Taraba


187 Kafanchan -Kaduna


188 Kagoro -Kaduna


189 Kaje (Kache) -Kaduna


190 Kajuru (Kajurawa) -Kaduna


191 Kaka -Adamawa


192 Kamaku (Karnukawa) -Kaduna, Kebbi, Niger


193 Kambari -Kebbi, Niger


194 Kambu -Adamawa


195 Kamo -Bauchi


196 Kanakuru (Dera) -Adamawa, Borno


197 Kanembu -Borno


198 Kanikon -Kaduna


199 Kantana -Plateau


200 Kanuri -Kaduna, Adamawa, Borno, Kano,Niger, Jigawa, Plateau, Taraba, Yobe


201 Karekare (Karaikarai) -Bauchi, Yobe


202 Karimjo -Taraba


203 Kariya -Bauchi


204 Katab (Kataf) -Kaduna


205 Kenern (Koenoem) -Plateau


206 Kenton -Taraba


207 Kiballo (Kiwollo) -Kaduna


208 Kilba -Adamawa


209 Kirfi (Kirfawa) -Bauchi


210 Koma -Taraba


211 Kona -Taraba


212 Koro (Kwaro) -Kaduna, Niger


213 Kubi (Kubawa) -Bauchi


214 Kudachano (Kudawa) -Bauchi


215 Kugama -Taraba


216 Kulere (Kaler) -Plateau


217 Kunini -Taraba


218 Kurama -Jigawa, Kaduna, Niger, Plateau


219 Kurdul -Adamawa


220 Kushi -Bauchi


221 Kuteb -Taraba


222 Kutin -Taraba


223 Kwalla -Plateau


224 Kwami (Kwom) -Bauchi


225 Kwanchi -Taraba


226 Kwanka (Kwankwa) -Bauchi, Plateau


227 Kwaro -Plateau


228 Kwato -Plateau


229 Kyenga (Kengawa) -Sokoto


230 Laaru (Larawa) -Niger


231 Lakka -Adamawa


232 Lala -Adamawa


233 Lama -Taraba


234 Lamja -Taraba


235 Lau -Taraba


236 Ubbo -Adamawa


237 Limono -Bauchi, Plateau


238 Lopa (Lupa, Lopawa) -Niger


239 Longuda (Lunguda) -Adamawa, Bauchi


240 Mabo -Plateau


241 Mada -Kaduna, Plateau


242 Mama -Plateau


243 Mambilla -Adamawa


244 Manchok -Kaduna


245 Mandara (Wandala) -Borno


246 Manga (Mangawa) -Yobe


247 Margi (Marghi) -Adamawa, Borno


248 Matakarn -Adamawa


249 Mbembe -Cross River, Enugu


250 Mbol -Adamawa


251 Mbube -Cross River


252 Mbula -Adamawa


253 Mbum -Taraba


254 Memyang (Meryan) -Plateau


255 Miango -Plateau


256 Miligili (Migili) -Plateau


257 Miya (Miyawa) -Bauchi


258 Mobber -Borno


259 Montol -Plateau


260 Moruwa (Moro’a, Morwa) -Kaduna


261 Muchaila -Adamawa


262 Mumuye -Taraba


263 Mundang -Adamawa


264 Munga (Mupang) -Plateau


265 Mushere -Plateau


266 Mwahavul (Mwaghavul) -Plateau


267 Ndoro -Taraba


268 Ngamo -Bauchi, Yobe


269 Ngizim -Yobe


270 Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-Ndhang) -Adamawa, Borno


271 Ningi (Ningawa) -Bauchi


272 Ninzam (Ninzo) -Kaduna, Plateau


273 Njayi -Adamawa


274 Nkim -Cross River


275 Nkum -Cross River


276 Nokere (Nakere) -Plateau


277 Nunku -Kaduna, Plateau


278 Nupe -Niger


279 Nyandang -Taraba


280 Ododop Cross River


281 Ogori -Kwara


282 Okobo (Okkobor) -Akwa lbom


283 Okpamheri -Edo


284 Olulumo -Cross River


285 Oron -Akwa lbom


286 Owan -Edo


287 Owe -Kwara


288 Oworo -Kwara


289 Pa’a (Pa’awa Afawa) -Bauchi


290 Pai -Plateau


291 Panyam -Taraba


292 Pero -Bauchi


293 Pire -Adamawa


294 Pkanzom -Taraba


295 Poll -Taraba


296 Polchi Habe -Bauchi


297 Pongo (Pongu) -Niger


298 Potopo -Taraba


299 Pyapun (Piapung) -Plateau


300 Qua -Cross River


301 Rebina (Rebinawa) -Bauchi


302 Reshe -Kebbi, Niger


303 Rindire (Rendre) -Plateau


304 Rishuwa -Kaduna


305 Ron -Plateau


306 Rubu -Niger


307 Rukuba -Plateau


308 Rumada -Kaduna


309 Rumaya -Kaduna


310 Sakbe -Taraba


311 Sanga -Bauchi


312 Sate -Taraba


313 Saya (Sayawa Za’ar) -Bauchi


314 Segidi (Sigidawa) -Bauchi


315 Shanga (Shangawa) -Sokoto


316 Shangawa (Shangau) -Plateau


317 Shan-Shan -Plateau


318 Shira (Shirawa) -Kano


319 Shomo -Taraba


320 Shuwa -Adamawa, Borno


321 Sikdi -Plateau


322 Siri (Sirawa) -Bauchi


323 Srubu (Surubu) -Kaduna


324 Sukur -Adamawa


325 Sura -Plateau


326 Tangale -Bauchi


327 Tarok -Plateau, Taraba


328 Teme -Adamawa


329 Tera (Terawa) -Bauchi, Bomo


330 Teshena (Teshenawa) -Kano


331 Tigon -Adamawa


332 Tikar -Taraba


333 Tiv -Benue, Plateau, Taraba and Nasarawa


334 Tula -Bauchi


335 Tur -Adamawa


336 Ufia -Benue


337 Ukelle -Cross River


338 Ukwani (Kwale) -Delta


339 Uncinda -Kaduna, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto


340 Uneme (Ineme) -Edo


341 Ura (Ula) -Niger


342 Urhobo -Delta


343 Utonkong -Benue


344 Uyanga -Cross River


345 Vemgo -Adamawa


346 Verre -Adamawa


347 Vommi -Taraba


348 Wagga -Adamawa


349 Waja -Bauchi


350 Waka -Taraba


351 Warja (Warja) -Jigawa


352 Warji -Bauchi


353 Wula -Adamawa


354 Wurbo -Adamawa


355 Wurkun -Taraba


356 Yache -Cross River


357 Yagba -Kwara


358 Yakurr (Yako) -Cross River


359 Yalla -Benue


360 Yandang -Taraba


361 Yergan (Yergum) -Plateau


362 Yoruba -(Kwara, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Oyo, Osun, Ekiti, Kogi)


363 Yott -Taraba


364 Yumu -Niger


365 Yungur -Adamawa


366 Yuom -Plateau


367 Zabara -Niger


368 Zaranda -Bauchi


369 Zarma (Zarmawa) -Kebbi


370 Zayam (Zeam) -Bauchi


371 Zul (Zulawa) –Bauchi





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